Kun, Bela

(1886–1939)
   Bela Kun was a Hungarian communist leader who was active in the Bolshevik Party before becoming a victim of Josef Stalin’s purges. Born in Transylvania in 1886 Kun’s career in radical politics began as a journalist for a radical newspaper in 1906. He joined the Workers Insurance Bureau in Kolozsvar in 1910, becoming its managing director, and in 1913 was a delegate to the Hungarian Social Democratic Party Congress. In World War I he served in the Hungarian army on the Russian front where he was captured in 1916. As a Russian prisoner he converted to Bolshevism, becoming first leader of the Hungarian section of the Bolshevik Party, and then in 1918 head of the new Bolshevik-supported Hungarian Communist Party.
   In 1918 Kun launched a coup against the Hungarian government that failed and led to his imprisonment. However, the government rapidly collapsed and Kun was invited to join a coalition government. He soon took over leadership of the coalition and set about ousting anyone who was not a socialist or communist. He then attempted to create a Soviet Republic in Hungary, nationalizing land and industry, but after a mere 133 days the Republic collapsed. Kun went into exile in Austria before traveling to Russia to fight for the Bolsheviks in the civil war. As chairman of the Crimean Soviet he ordered the execution of nearly 20,000 White Russian officers. In 1921 he became an official of the Communist International and supported the disastrous attempted coup in Germany that year.
   Kun was a dogmatic MarxistLeninist and a loyal Stalinist until his failures, foreignness and Jewishness made him a target of Stalin’s purges. He was arrested by the Soviet secret police (NKVD) in 1937, and suffered torture before being executed in 1939. His prominence stems from his activism rather than any theoretical contribution, but he did influence Soviet policy toward acceptance of a nationalist element in Central European proletarian revolutions and inclusion of nationalist petty bourgeois revolutionaries in the initial stages of such revolutions.

Historical dictionary of Marxism. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • KUN, BÉLA — (1886–1938), communist who was dictator of Hungary for a short period in 1919. Born in Szilagycseh, Kun joined the Social Democratic Party when only 16 and became secretary of the Workers Sick Fund in Klausenburg. He fought in the Austro… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Kun, Béla — Kun (ko͞on), Béla. 1886 1939?. Hungarian politician who founded the Hungarian Communist Party (1918) and organized the revolution in Budapest (1919). He briefly served as premier but fled the country during a counterrevolution (1919). * * * ▪… …   Universalium

  • Kun Béla — born Feb. 20, 1886, Szilágycseh, Transylvania, Austria Hungary died Nov. 30, 1939?, U.S.S.R. Hungarian communist leader. He fought in the Austrian army in World War I, was captured by the Russians, and became a Bolshevik. After returning to… …   Universalium

  • Kun, Béla — (1886–1939)    Communist dictator of Hungary in 1919. Kun came from a middle class Jewish family and joined the Social Democratic Party when he was sixteen. He was a prisoner of war in Russia at the time of the revolution and immediately joined… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Kun, Bela — ► (1886 1939) Político Comunista húngaro. Después de la Primera Guerra Mundial fundó el Partido Comunista húngaro y organizó la revolución comunista de 1919. Proclamó la dictadura del proletariado, imponiendo una doctrina de principios rígidos y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kun, Bela — (1886 1939)    Hungarian communist leader. Born in a small Translyvanian town, he was educated at Kolozsvar. He joined the Hungarian Social Democratic party in 1902 and later the army. From 1918 he led the Hungarian group in the Russian Communist …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Kun — Kun, Bela …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Béla Kun — (February 20 1886 – August 29 1938), born Béla Kohn, was a Hungarian Communist politician, who ruled Hungary, as the leader of the Hungarian Soviet Republic, for a brief period in 1919. Early life Kun was born in Szilágycseh, Transylvania,… …   Wikipedia

  • KUN (B.) — KUN BÉLA (1886 1939) Fondateur du Parti communiste hongrois. Le père de Béla Kun est un petit employé communal d’origine juive, non pratiquant, très attaché à la tradition radicale et nationaliste de Kossuth. Après avoir fait du journalisme, Kun… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Béla Kun — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Béla Kun Béla Kun (nacido Béla Kohn) (Szilágycseh (hoy Cehu Silvaniei, Transilvania), 20 de febrero de 1886 URSS, 29 de agosto de 1938), destacado político …   Wikipedia Español

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